Elbow Dysplasia

This would have to be THE most confusing condition for owners primarily because it is not actually one condition! There are three seperate diseases that are put under the umbrella of Elbow dysplasia. They all occur as your dog is growing and developing and may cause pain and lameness of the front limb. They all cause significant changes to elbow biomechanics, Understanding which of these your dog has will greatly influence treatment options. They may be influenced by a missmatch between the ulnar and radius length, in turn causing abnormal pressure of the humerus on these two bones. 

Osteochondrosis Dissican (OCD) -During the growth stage there is a localised loss of blood flow to a portion of cartilage on the humerus. This allows a flap to lift up and become detached. 

Fragmented Coronoid process- The most innermost lip of the Ulnar (medial coronoid process) which cups the humerus may be damaged and chip off. 

Ununited anconeal process- The anconeal process is found on the Ulnar as it wraps around to cup the humerus. In growing dogs this area is seperated by a growth plate that should calcify and disappear. In dogs with UAP this does not occur and the bone that should cups the humerus remains mobile and the joint is unstable. 

 

FOR PICTURES

https://www.acvs.org/small-animal/canine-elbow-dysplasia

https://www.ofa.org/pdf/elbowarticle.pdf

 
 

Rehabilitation goals

In a normal dog 60% of their weight is carried through the front limbs, this puts a large amount of strain through the Elbow joint. There are three bones involved in this joint and it has a large range of motion. Malfunction in this joint will always require rehabilitation and preventative conditioning for the life of your pet. 

  • Pain management using a combination of appropriate medications, manual therapies and modalities is the cornerstone of caring for your dog. 
  • Strengthening active muscular support of the joint to maximise your dogs life enjoyment while also minimising pain and discomfort.
  • Maintain range of motion to limit pressure being shifted onto other joints. 
  • Teach your dog appropriate compensatory 
 

Treatment options

The following is placeholder text known as “lorem ipsum,” which is scrambled Latin used by designers to mimic real copy. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Vivamus sit amet semper lacus, in mollis libero. Maecenas non leo laoreet, condimentum lorem nec, vulputate massa. In sit amet felis malesuada, feugiat purus eget, varius mi. Maecenas non leo laoreet, condimentum lorem nec, vulputate massa.

 

Why does this disease process occur, can we prevent it?

The following is placeholder text known as “lorem ipsum,” which is scrambled Latin used by designers to mimic real copy. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Vivamus sit amet semper lacus, in mollis libero. Maecenas non leo laoreet, condimentum lorem nec, vulputate massa. In sit amet felis malesuada, feugiat purus eget, varius mi. Maecenas non leo laoreet, condimentum lorem nec, vulputate massa.